The popular materials used to make biomass pellets are barley straw, sawdust, switchgrass, bark, logging leftovers among others. Places that you can find biomass pellets being used are homes and commercial settings.
Instead of using wood-fired equipment people can decide to use pellet stoves and boilers when using biomass pellets.
Pellet plants and biomass pellet mills do not always rely on the waste products of farms, they sometimes grow their own energy crops to make into pellets such as switchgrass, hemp, reed canary grass, miscanthus just to mention of a few.
Pellet plants and biomass pellet mills use land that is not suitable for farming to grow these energy plants. To meet the increasing demand for biomass pellets, farming of energy plants that can produce biomass pellets is on the increase. Homeowners who want to make their own biomass pellet can do so using equipment that is suitable for home use.
Making biomass pellets at home requires extra time to do this task and others may not have this time.
The advantages of using biomass pellet are that they’re more energy dense and easy-to-use. They’re also environmentally friendly because they use natural materials. Regardless of the biomass material that is used to make pellets, they are mostly cylindrical in shape and small in size.
Pellets come in a dry, hard form and this last a long time. Good quality pellets also leave a small amount of ash after burning. Standard pellets and premium pellets are the two forms of biomass pellets available in the market.
The two types of pellets can be differentiated by the amount of ash they produce after combustion. Premium pellets are the most common types of pellets in the market and they have an ash content of less than 1%. Standard pellets will have a higher percentage of ash that is close to 2% or slightly more.
Wood pellets should not be burned in biomass pellet stoves because they form clumps at high temperatures. Before packaging, the process of making biomass pellets includes feedstock grinding, moisture control, cooling, and extrusion.
Precision is required when making the biomass pellet so that one can come up with a high-quality pellet.
Materials that can be used to make biomass pellets can also include waste paper, residual forest waste, cornstalks, cordwood and agricultural by-products.
Manufacturers make biomass pellets that are uniform in shape, moisture, size, energy content, and density. It is easy to transport and store biomass pellets because of their small size. A business or home can have a lot of energy stored in their home or business despite the small size of the pellets.